Bread


Bread
   Among the Jews was generally made of wheat (Ex. 29:2; Judg. 6:19), though also sometimes of other grains (Gen. 14:18; Judg. 7:13). Parched grain was sometimes used for food without any other preparation (Ruth 2:14).
   Bread was prepared by kneading in wooden bowls or "kneading troughs" (Gen. 18:6; Ex. 12:34; Jer. 7:18). The dough was mixed with leaven and made into thin cakes, round or oval, and then baked. The bread eaten at the Passover was always unleavened (Ex. 12:15-20; Deut. 16:3). In the towns there were public ovens, which were much made use of for baking bread; there were also bakers by trade (Hos. 7:4; Jer. 37:21). Their ovens were not unlike those of modern times. But sometimes the bread was baked by being placed on the ground that had been heated by a fire, and by covering it with the embers (1 Kings 19:6). This was probably the mode in which Sarah prepared bread on the occasion referred to in Gen. 18:6.
   In Lev. 2 there is an account of the different kinds of bread and cakes used by the Jews. (See Bake.)
   The shew-bread (q.v.) consisted of twelve loaves of unleavened bread prepared and presented hot on the golden table every Sabbath. They were square or oblong, and represented the twelve tribes of Israel. The old loaves were removed every Sabbath, and were to be eaten only by the priests in the court of the sanctuary (Ex. 25:30; Lev. 24:8; 1 Sam. 21:1-6; Matt. 12:4).
   The word bread is used figuratively in such expressions as "bread of sorrows" (Ps. 127:2), "bread of tears" (80:5), i.e., sorrow and tears are like one's daily bread, they form so great a part in life. The bread of "wickedness" (Prov. 4:17) and "of deceit" (20:17) denote in like manner that wickedness and deceit are a part of the daily life.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • BREAD — (Heb. לֶחֶם, leḥem), a baked commodity from a cereal flour. The primary sense of leḥem is food in general (Gen. 37:25; Num. 28:2; I Kings 5:2; etc.). The Ugaritic lḥm has the same general sense and the same particular sense, while the Arabic… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Bread — (br[e^]d), n. [AS. bre[ a]d; akin to OFries. br[=a]d, OS. br[=o]d, D. brood, G. brod, brot, Icel. brau[eth], Sw. & Dan. br[ o]d. The root is probably that of E. brew. [root]93. See {Brew}.] 1. An article of food made from flour or meal by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bread — рок группа из США, образована в 1969 году в Лос Анджелесе по инициативе студийного музыканта, композитора, аранжировщика и продюсера Дэвида Гейтса (David Gates), 11.12.1940, Талса, Оклахома, США вокал, гитара, бас , клавишные (как сессионный… …   Википедия

  • Bread — Pays d’origine Los Angeles, Californie, États Unis Genre musical Folk rock, Soft rock Années d activité 1968 1977 Labels Elektra Anciens membres David Gates Jimm …   Wikipédia en Français

  • bread — W3S2 [bred] n [U] [: Old English;] 1.) a type of food made from flour and water that is mixed together and then baked ▪ Would you like some bread with your soup? ▪ the smell of fresh bread ▪ a loaf of bread ▪ Could you cut me a slice of bread… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • bread — ► NOUN 1) food made of flour, water, and yeast mixed together and baked. 2) informal money. ● bread and butter Cf. ↑bread and butter ● bread and circuses Cf. ↑bread and circuses …   English terms dictionary

  • bread — [ bred ] noun uncount *** 1. ) a common food made from flour, water, and usually YEAST (=a substance that makes the bread grow larger). Bread is usually sold in a large piece called a loaf or made into smaller pieces called rolls. You usually cut …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • bread — [bred] n. [ME bred < OE bread, crumb, morsel < IE * bhreu , var. of * bhereu , to ferment < base * bher , well up, seethe > BREW, BURN1, L fervere, to boil] 1. a) a food baked from a leavened, kneaded dough made with flour or meal,… …   English World dictionary

  • bread — bread; bread·en; bread·less; clap·bread; way·bread; crisp·bread; gin·ger·bread; …   English syllables

  • Bread — Bread, v. t. (Cookery) To cover with bread crumbs, preparatory to cooking; as, breaded cutlets. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bread — (br[e^]d), v. t. [AS. br[ae]dan to make broad, to spread. See {Broad}, a.] To spread. [Obs.] Ray. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English